Mus musculus (Mouse)
Scientific Name: Mus musculus
- Easiest mammal to breed and maintain in laboratory conditions.
- Share about 85% of their genes with humans, making them relevant for studying human disease.
- Used in the discovery of antibiotics including penicillin, streptomycin, and in the development of vaccines for yellow fever and polio.
- Can be genetically engineered to serve as models of Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety and depression, cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, obesity, and others.
Which UI Department of Biology researchers study this organism:
Why UI Department of Biology researchers use this organism:
- Study the mammalian brain, arguably the most complex system in all of biology.
- Research how neurons are formed, maintained, and connected. Up to 100 trillion connections may occur in the human brain. When connections are not properly made, a number of genetic and syndromic disorders can occur including forms of autism spectrum disorders, mental retardation, and schizophrenia.
- Understand how the ear develops and functions. Their research focuses on hearing loss and how to develop and improve treatments for the hearing impaired.